Common Mosquito Insecticides
Although mosquito insecticides are a quick and easy way to kill flying insects, users should be aware of their limitations and disadvantages. They tend to have a short-lived effectiveness and, depending on the type, some can harm the environment, animals and other useful insects. It is also important to be aware that mosquitos are starting to develop immunity against insecticides.
The two most common mosquito insecticides, deltamethrin and permethrin, are both pyrethoids, a synthetic replica of the natural insect repellent pyrethin found in the chrysanthemum plant. Deltamethrin is often used with other substances to form an effective barrier against mosquito bites, while permethrin is emitted as a mist or fog that kills mosquitoes instantly.
Deltamethrin is commonly used to treat mosquito nets. When nets are imbibed with this synthetic pyrethoid, they provide an effective barrier against biting insects, and are safe for everyone, from small children to adults. Experts say that using a net treated with deltamethrin reduces the chances of death caused by mosquito-borne diseases by 25 percent.
Nets that are treated with deltamethrin must be washed following the instructions on the label. One should remember that this product can be harmful to aquatic life. It is recommended that nets be retreated once a year, a process that requires the wearing of gloves. In some cases, mild symptoms such as a runny nose can be experienced for the first few nights of sleeping under a treated net. Nevertheless, this mild malaise should not deter anyone from their use, especially in areas where malaria is prevalent.
Uses of Permethrin
When proper safety measures are taken, both deltamethrin and permethrin
repel mosquitoes safely and efficiently, reducing the risk of malaria
and other mosquito-borne diseases. Weigh the potential risks to the environment
against the benefits to your health before using mosquito insecticides.